Bed bugs are parasitic insects harmful to both humans and pets. They are hematophagous, that is they feed exclusi­vely on blood, and in order to feed they produce punctures on the skin causing cutaneous reactions, characteri­zed by skin injuries in the form of small and itchy boils.
Our innovative liquid nitrogen treatments guarantee the resolution to the problem in an eco-friendly, effective, convenient and conclusive way.
► Eco-friendly because nitrogen makes up about 78% of the air we breathe, and it has long been used successfully in the food industry and even in surgery. Liquid nitrogen based pest control means we can operate without using toxic pesticides. Bed bug detection dogs are not an alternative in that their accuracy rate can be as low as 11% and besides they cannot smell eggs.
► Effective because liquid nitrogen reaches the temperature of -250°F causing a cryogenic burn that leaves no way out to both bed bugs and their eggs. Most traditional pest control companies use dry steam, but dry steam alone cannot reach all the crevices where bed bugs hide and therefore very soon the problem resurfaces.
► Convenient because there is no need to dispose of infested furniture, and since nitrogen does not leave any residue, the treated area is immediately fit to live in, with no smell whatsoever and a toxicity level amounting to zero. In addition, the cryogenic burn caused by liquid nitrogen does not damage in any way furniture and fittings.
► Conclusive because liquid nitrogen eliminates in one go both bed bugs and their eggs. On the contrary, with chemical pesticides used by most non-ecofriendly pest control companies, eggs survive and after hatching the problem re-emerges worsened by the fact that the new generations of bed bugs develop resistance to pesticides.
A DEEPER ANALYSIS
The species most dangerous to humans as well as to other mammals and birds is the Cimex lectularius, a hematophagous arthropod ectoparasite. Its relationship with man started in the earlier periods of the human race, to be then almost completely absent in scientific literature until the 1990’s when it suddenly reappeared on the international scene becoming one of the most common pests of recent years. In Australia, for instance, pest control activities have increased by 4,500%. In the city of London, England, there has been an annual growth of 24.5% in pest control activities with 2,000 treatments a year. Official reports reveal that bed bug infestations in the city of New York, U.S.A., have increased from 537 in 2004 to 10,985 in 2009, and now bed bugs are widely spread in all 50 U.S. states, where one person out of five has experienced an infestation in its own house or knows someone who had the same problem. According to news reports, in a recent summer, which was particularly hot meteorologically speaking, New York City was invaded by bed bugs. A survey conducted by Marist Poll, a research institute, revealed that 11% of New Yorkers had problems with bed bugs, double the number compared to the previous year.
FAST FACTS ABOUT BED BUGS
► Apple seed-sized, flat, with a color ranging from yellowish to brownish after a blood meal. Its abdomen consists of eleven segments held together by membranes with a strong expansion capacity which increases considerably the abdominal volume in order to fill it with a greater amount of blood, often as much as 7 times its own weight.
► Its vital cycle is divided in three stages (egg, nymph, adult.) Nymphs are very similar to the adults, only lighter in color, and complete their transformation in 36 days and through 5 phases. Nymphs need blood to live and move to the next stage, while adults need it to live and reproduce. The ideal temperature for bed bugs ranges from 55°F to 100°F and that is why they prefer bedrooms, hence the name “bed bug.”
► The female can lay as many as 500 eggs pasting them to textile fibers of padding, seams of mattresses, etc.
► Bedbugs are attracted by thermo-chemical stimulus of their guests (in the antennas are in fact important receptors to heat and carbon dioxide), biting them several times, looking for a capillary and injecting their saliva, only at night with peaks before sunrise.
► The species is long-lived, and adults can survive several months without feeding.
► Bed bugs shun light and during the day they remain hidden, lumped together in colonies of hundreds of individuals, adults and nymphs, next to their fecal residue, in cracks, crevices, small and tight cavities of domestic environment (carpet, upholstery, furniture, beds, sofas, armchairs, etc.) always in the areas where their guests stay overnight.